What equipment/software is needed for setting up a LAN-based webserver for learning the ropes locally? [closed]

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http://serverfault.com – I'm a complete linux/networking beginner. What equipment/software will be needed to do this? Basically I want to set up a server computer and be able to connect to it locally with my desktop, and learn the ropes of setting up a webserver without the potential unwanted outside access. Basically I want to learn how to manage these cheaper unmanaged VPS packages I see offered from webhosting companies, but locally first. The equipment I have currently: My computer, an extra server computer, popular linux distros, linux books, linksys 4 port router, netgear 4 port hub, cat5 cables, and a patch co (HowTos)