[ubuntu] New to Ubuntu, help with various problems please

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http://ubuntuforums.org – Thanks in advance for any help. I have been a Windows user for years (used Ubuntu 8.04 for only a few months when it was released), but recently decided to take a good hard try at Ubuntu 12.04LTS. I installed the 64bit version a week ago on my 2007 17" Toshiba X-205 (on 1 of the 2 internal hard drives - the second has all my old windows files like music, games, pictures etc) and all the hardware seems to work perfectly fine as far as I can tell (minus the fingerprint reader), and I'm even mulling over a lot of the "Learn Command Line" links. However, some varied software issu (Hardware)