The utility sudo runs executables as root or another user. The command cd is not an executable, it is command that is built into the shell so you can not run it via sudo. [by hawkmage]
The question is how to run generic commands which may contain ; && | < > << >> $ and so on within sudo.
Possible solutions could be:
To use interpreters within sudo
sudo /bin/bash -c 'command ; command | ...'
sudo -s <<< 'command ; command | ...'
But I don't have sudoer /bin/bash /bin/sh or any other permissions.
I think that sudo is become a wide used command with Ubuntu, where you don’t even have a root password, before that probably it was used only in some data-centers to restrict access to some commands.
sudo allows a permitted user to execute a command as the superuser or another user, as specified in the sudoers file.