programing language of application in linux

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http://askubuntu.com – i'm wonder programs and application on linux has written by with programing language ... I think most of them have written by c ... if it's true with what ide they can write a program such as clementine and etc ? i'm writing programs in mono and eclipse in c# and java but i really don't want to use this kind of programing language because they need some tools like .net framework or java runtime to run ... i want to write a program in an ide that when i exported my program it doesn't need anything else to run ... i mean it standalone and run , and i want to export my program to run it on an (HowTos)