My nVidia GeForce 8600M GT card stopped working: "extension GLX missing on display 0:0"

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http://askubuntu.com – So I turned on my computer and log into my gnome-shell session to find that the shell is gone, and there is instead a very thick panel with a vertically repeated pattern of the gradient the Unity panel displays. I ran some tests and found out that my graphic acceleration was failing. I have attached some outputs of some commands to help helpers help me: Some command outputs Video card: nVidia GeForce 8600M GT (note that it is not an Optimus card). Output of lspci | grep VGA: 01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation G84 [GeForce 8600M GT] (rev a1) Output of glxinfo: Xlib: ext (HowTos)