How to I setup a local Wordpress site?

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http://askubuntu.com – I want to create a site based on Wordpress that is only accessible from my own machine (localhost). In other words, I do not want my computer to be a server. I just want it to have all the files necessary for a website in /var/www/, so that I can later copy-paste those files an another machine which will be a server. Therefore I installed the wordpress package and I am about to install a graphical interface to manage the files. What should I do? Do I need somthing called LAMP? I have seen this question on WordPress Answers, but I wonder if someone could provide instructions that are more Ubu (HowTos)