It would be the same as `pacman -Ss base` plus `pacman -Ss base-devel`. Note "-Ssq" would probably be much more useful in this context.
error: failed retrieving file 'archlinuxfr.db' from repo.archlinux.fr ...This suggests that you've been using yaourt - which is fine if you know what it is doing. But the resulting errors and looking for the depencies with pacman suggests that you don't know what it is doing. Use yaourt with caution (if at all).As already indicated above you need to update your aur
And be sure you have done "pacman -Syu" first, or at the very least "pacman -Sy".Edit: my comment is probably not relevant if you made it up to this point of the install already - I assume you successfully installed other things like a bootloader. I suspect this is a networking issue. Can you ping the mirrors?
Don't forget that "sudo" essentially means "su do". If you can't get pacman functioning in your chroot, try using the "pacstrap" command (see beginner's guide) but use the argument "pacman" in place of "base" or "base-devel", then chroot. That will reinstall pacman for you.