Different ways of executing binaries and scripts

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http://askubuntu.com – I've been using Linux for some time now and I've been searching for a complete overview of this but not found any. I just don't come to terms with all the different ways of executing scripts and binaries - it's all a big mess for me and I have to use trial-and-error to determine what I should use. For a file which is a script or a binary <script/binary>, I can come up with the following alternatives: <script/binary> . <script/binary> ./<script/binary> source <script/binary> sh <script/binary> (Are there more?) Can someone give a complete overview of wha (HowTos)