The command to upgrade to a new kernel from Ubuntu repositories

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http://unix.stackexchange.com – In the distro I'm most familiar with -- ALTLinux, a command like apt-get install kernel-image-std-def#3.0.... would install another kernel, and update the initramfs and the bootloader config accordingly; an even better command would be the specific update-kernel, which would also install the accompanying kernel modules for the new version of the kernel (the ones that are installed in the running system, so that the support for the hardware of this system is not lost in the case of the new kernel). (A short manual on this topic for ALT (in Russian).) Now I want to upgrade the kernel in my Ubun (HowTos)